Fusions are performed in patients with degenerative disk disease, spondylolysthesis, recurrent herniated disks, and spinal stenosis.
In fusion of the lumbar spine two or more vertebral segments are joined together, eliminating movement in the joints. The procedure is performed with the hope of reducing pain caused by movement and associated compression of the nerve roots.
While there are numerous methods available to fuse the spine, in patients whose pathology allows it, the TLIF procedure can be minimally invasive. This means that there is a reduction in the amount of muscle and skin that is damaged during surgery and there is less blood loss and post operative pain. Potentially recovery time is quicker as well.